How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

  意见 2,658,134

SmarterEveryDay

SmarterEveryDay

7 天 前

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Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
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评论
SmarterEveryDay
SmarterEveryDay 6 天 前
1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!
Stan Ervin
Stan Ervin 36 分钟 前
@Gw Builder Thank you for the input/clarification. My thoughts were leaning towards the use of ultra efficient low power consumption LEDs in a spectrum of sufficient fine tuning to obtain maximum O2 generation, perhaps utilizing arrays of Fresnel lenses. Just seems plausible. I feel like it could be utilized to oxygenate the vessel at least in a supplemental role with other methods that are currently implemented, even if a 25% level of impact is realized.
Chip Elliott
Chip Elliott 2 小时 前
How many candles do these subs carry?
Dan Quayles ITS SPELT POTATOE!
Dan Quayles ITS SPELT POTATOE! 3 小时 前
@Brett Moore I know about the submarine o2 but how about the iss? Have your tried a search engine? Tell an person an answer they will ask simple questions on and on! Teach a person to use a search engine then you dont have to waste time reading simple questions that can be answered with a search engine!
Gw Builder
Gw Builder 4 小时 前
@Stan Ervin Simple answer. The Chinese actually tried this exact experiment on the dark side of the moon in recent years with complete failure. Other similar experiments are being done on the space station with some success, but sunlight is still necessary. Some micro organisms were tested with success, but that information is apparently not available to the public. The idea is reasonable until put into reality. All known oxygen producing plant life (including algae) sufficient for human breathing require some form of sunlight in their photosynthetic process for oxygen to be produced. Submarines have been in existence since the Civil war, if there was a way to utilize plants in some form or other I'm sure the scientific community would be celebrating it right now. The Mars missions depend on such a discovery. There are multiple test facilities around the world challenging people to survive in the most inhospitable environments in preparation for the Mars missions and oxygen generation is the number one priority, water is second, and food, survivability along with many other situations follow in priority after that. In this instance there is overwhelming evidence in the proof of concept phase to eliminate that particular possibility, at least for now. I agree that there is always new information developing and the idea is absolutely reasonable to continue research because perhaps someone will indeed discover the missing ingredient. I actually grow, propagate, graft, and merge different species of plants and trees. Trying to maintain these plants in their optimal environment is challenging enough, imagine the types of modification required to sustain them without those systems. I am sure some of those modifications are probably happening on the station. The purpose is to go beyond the information we already have and explore new possibilities. I think the plant and algae ideas have huge merit; however, there are significant setbacks because with reduced sunlight oxygen production is reduced and toxicity is increased. The unknown is where the real possibilities are just waiting to be discovered.
Dr. Lex Winter
Dr. Lex Winter 5 小时 前
@Dster That was the first thing I thought; hydrogen probes on your vessel will tell you where hidden submarines are.
wolfpackflyboy
wolfpackflyboy 33 分钟 前
@smartereveryday Is this the same candle/chemistry that’s in the EPOS and/or “Dixie cups” on airplanes?
the Yesinator
the Yesinator 45 分钟 前
I am smartly dumb.
Maherda Ekananda
Maherda Ekananda 47 分钟 前
I wonder is this method are also use at aircraft in mission that flying at nuclear warfare such as E-4 Airborne Command Post or WC-135 Constant Phoenix.....?
ideally CHIC
ideally CHIC 小时 前
The old-fashioned supermarket superficially crawl because tugboat regularly hover through a known celery. quiet, adjoining mustard
ScottNJ
ScottNJ 小时 前
Brilliant info. Who knew if you've not been a submariner. No trolling intended, all due respect to PO2 Dow and Destin. 1) PO Dow, please articulate when interviewed. Your service and knowledge are greatly appreciated. 2) Desitn please coach your interviewee.
Saintraft
Saintraft 小时 前
ahh yes... imagine if we had upgraded nuclear tech instead of abandoning it all these decades... fascinating stuff.
Ck digital The Q of 6th
Ck digital The Q of 6th 小时 前
They mastered the production task of O2 to last very long, but not infinate, which is why they surface eventually. This kind of 'Oxygen'nizing'(to nick name it) still renders in excise of carbon build up stored away, which could be combined with other elements, like say hydrogen to conjure food as carbohydrates, so on a planet like Mars, these resource are not to limited, depending where you are or how long you must be there, if humans ever master pure artifical production of atmospher, they wouldn't need a planetary realms to survive.
Eric Starling
Eric Starling 2 小时 前
I'm an ex A-ganger on an 688I boat. This exact boat type he visited. Awesome memories
ʟᴏɴᴇᴠᴇɴᴛʜᴏʀɪᴢᴏɴ
ʟᴏɴᴇᴠᴇɴᴛʜᴏʀɪᴢᴏɴ 2 小时 前
Does it really take 30mins to explain this?
Little69
Little69 2 小时 前
Plz make a reverse osmosis video
J Alexander Bill
J Alexander Bill 2 小时 前
shocking lack of comments on Princess Boopersnoot.
goguhu
goguhu 2 小时 前
Kink is pretty much Dutch for 'brick'. It's the residue ash from burning, hardening into a ... brick.
Bernie Lomax
Bernie Lomax 2 小时 前
I used to build the HEX power supplies that run the oxygen generating equipment in the Ohio class. Small company called Treadwell had that contract and they outsourced most of the work to other contractors, we got a lot of that work for 30 years.
Caesar Ong
Caesar Ong 2 小时 前
I cringed a bit when you said "filtered by reverse osmosis". We in the membrane community usually refers to filtration as anything mechanically separated, ultrafiltration is the cutoff for mechanical filtration, anything with smaller pores/molecular void spaces like nanofiltration and osmotic processes we call membrane separation. It can be a bit confusing since "nanofiltration" has the word filter in the name.
Logan Cook
Logan Cook 2 小时 前
Ask someone what happens if there is a leak on a nuclear sub. I'd bet the farm they would have a more intelligent answer than "well then we would have a leak". Thanks don petit. Sorry but you mentioned the lunar lander and i remembered when you asked Don about a leak in a space situation.
Chuck Whitson
Chuck Whitson 3 小时 前
I bet with the body odor, facts, bad breath it must smell terrible Inside after months
Grampy Meyer
Grampy Meyer 2 小时 前
It smells terrible the minute you board.
Woody Wang
Woody Wang 3 小时 前
Everyone knows people on subs take shallow breaths thats why....geeesh
RAFIS03 GAMING
RAFIS03 GAMING 3 小时 前
Salam dari Indonesia
Mahesh Babu
Mahesh Babu 3 小时 前
Really great video brother 💗💗💗💗💗💐💐💐💐💐💐Always God is with you 💐💐💐💐 ஓம் நமசிவாயம் ஓம் நமசிவாயம் ஓம் நமசிவாயம் ஓம் நமசிவாயம்
RAFIS03 GAMING
RAFIS03 GAMING 3 小时 前
Indonesia
RAFIS03 GAMING
RAFIS03 GAMING 3 小时 前
Halo
Revtune
Revtune 3 小时 前
These ships literally have a natural gas plant on board. Amine towers, scrubbers, conditioners, yikes. Those things are jammed packed.
diego g.
diego g. 3 小时 前
21:35 how many pens does he has to carry?
The banana lord Who rules all
The banana lord Who rules all 3 小时 前
E
Dilan Singh
Dilan Singh 3 小时 前
I saw carbon dioxide kill co2 on cams and vent
The chaos system
The chaos system 3 小时 前
Loved all this information and the candles that’s cool never knew about the candles but everything else expected knew about and keep on with the education much appreciate it and it’s always good to refresh your memory on things that way you can never forget
Darren Swails
Darren Swails 3 小时 前
20:33 look like an outline of a whale to his right..
André Luz
André Luz 3 小时 前
clinkers because of cement
Shawn Wilson
Shawn Wilson 3 小时 前
Thanks for helping me with my fish checkout 👍
Revtune
Revtune 3 小时 前
We use sniffers in the oil and gas industry to find gas leaks and other harmful gasses such as H2S and explosive gasses.
newbiekunchannel
newbiekunchannel 3 小时 前
Topic Suggestion!!! "Military MRE" how is made, what is the science behind the calories to an actual soldier is using (carring guns, ammo, supplies)
Eddie
Eddie 4 小时 前
Cold liquids tend to absorb (for lack of a better term) gasses more readily than warm liquids. This explains why cold amine is sprayed, compressed...etc.
KodyKK
KodyKK 4 小时 前
To preface this I don't work on a submarine but I have ran amine units. Usually the exchanger to heat up the rich amine before the stripper is exchanging heat with the hot lean amine to cool it before meeting up with the gas, in this case the air. Lean amine usually works best when its somewhere around 15 degrees warmer than the gas it is coming into contact with.
Jay Patterson
Jay Patterson 4 小时 前
Brilliant and detailed explanation of all the processes. I thought it was much more simple, and I had no idea they had to use oxygen candles and have a controlled metal fire onboard the sub, YIKES!!! Amazing solution but it seems so brute force when operating beside a nuclear reactor!
UShaikh1
UShaikh1 4 小时 前
today we become smarter with dustin
Chucky Cheese
Chucky Cheese 4 小时 前
That kid is so smart! What a nice lad
Jay Playz
Jay Playz 4 小时 前
So that’s how pavel stays down there so lomg
Ziffer777
Ziffer777 4 小时 前
But where do they get the nitrogen from?
Jason Lin
Jason Lin 4 小时 前
Do oxygen with baking soda right?
Josh Keller
Josh Keller 5 小时 前
Why wouldn't they be using the co2 as source of power
ĶĮŁĽŔ-X / X-ÇŁÅŇ
ĶĮŁĽŔ-X / X-ÇŁÅŇ 5 小时 前
BAD GAS BUSTERS!! DO DO DO DO DO DO DO DO DOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
bleustraveller
bleustraveller 5 小时 前
Bill Gates says cow farts and submarines cause global warming.
JuJu B
JuJu B 5 小时 前
So, they just store it as a solid chemical compound that allows them to release it as a gas when needed.
Bryan Duke
Bryan Duke 5 小时 前
Carbon scrubbers like in bubble less tanks in diving
jeremy
jeremy 5 小时 前
Sir we're going to need you to get back these candles get extremely hot. Destin: *gets closer*
Erick Tun
Erick Tun 5 小时 前
This was fascinating and educational. Thanks Destin!
viktor gregovic
viktor gregovic 5 小时 前
Among us players:„cams”
cam261
cam261 5 小时 前
Who downvotes a video like this? 😂 awesome stuff.
Donkey Kong PEZ Dispenser
Donkey Kong PEZ Dispenser 5 小时 前
So the burning a candle gives you oxygen and salty rust? Or is it rusty salt? That is so cool!
1Maklak
1Maklak 5 小时 前
I expected one of the methods would be to put some of the compressed air from high pressure tanks, put that through a pressure regulator and release inside the submarine, then use a compressor to pump excess air outside.
Dj johnson
Dj johnson 5 小时 前
The hurried melody clasically switch because range methodically book off a hoc spain. idiotic, sick cucumber
Roary
Roary 5 小时 前
Destin are those essentially like Thermite (or deep-sea welding) Candles? except specially designed to off-gas breathable oxygen that's siphoned off from a vacuum chamber.
GodOfCows
GodOfCows 5 小时 前
"Soviet spy gets intelligence on US sub" circa 1969
Craig Simpson
Craig Simpson 5 小时 前
The voiceless dog genetically train because alloy anatomically love pro a legal attack. arrogant, quack divorced
Chop Labalagun
Chop Labalagun 6 小时 前
in other words MEA means the submarine farts co2
Ronald Leifur
Ronald Leifur 6 小时 前
Petty officer Dow knows his stuff. Bump him up a pay grade 👏🏼👏🏼👏🏼
Juggla Lee
Juggla Lee 6 小时 前
Im so glad I chose to watch this instead of another automotive video! Love Smarter!
Con Text
Con Text 6 小时 前
Thumbnail: "Why don't Subs run out of air?" Inappropriate Me: "Uhhhh-"
ASI ASI
ASI ASI 4 小时 前
Oh my god
Dr. Lex Winter
Dr. Lex Winter 6 小时 前
Who hasn't made an oxygen candle for fun? C'mon! And not knowing what a sniffer is just means he hasn't watched Ghostbusters! D: Or Das Boot for that matter! Shameful! That's now his homework for the day.
Eric Sell
Eric Sell 6 小时 前
This is cool! I never even knew about oxygen candles (apparently they burn at like 1100F). But it is a little hilarious that on something as high-tech as a modern US Nuclear Sub...they use 9-in nails to help keep everyone alive. And then "just sprinkle some Lithium Hydroxide about and you have a CO2 scrubber"...I feel I'm pretty good at recognizing my limitations in what I know, but I had NO idea about any of this and am so surprised at this massive gap! So cool!
Rushi Mithagare
Rushi Mithagare 6 小时 前
Not nuclear science but it's submarine science
just_a_guy
just_a_guy 6 小时 前
4:29 hi there, phil swift with flextape!!! the super strong air proof tape *slap*
David Prock
David Prock 6 小时 前
Graphite and Urea works better than Stainless steel and KOH
Dr. Lex Winter
Dr. Lex Winter 6 小时 前
I love how Dustin just skips over the huge Tetrafluoroethane leak they've got going on. :P
Lucas Pan
Lucas Pan 6 小时 前
The descriptive waterfall perplexingly store because june prenatally snow about a true bronze. hushed, unsightly eyebrow
LynxProd
LynxProd 6 小时 前
I've been loving this series!!! Great job, Destin!
Dr. Lex Winter
Dr. Lex Winter 6 小时 前
When you already know the answer but have to watch the video so CNpost will stop recommending it in your next list every second of every day for weeks. .___.
stoner420
stoner420 6 小时 前
what do when run out of candles?
Gnome Chomsky
Gnome Chomsky 6 小时 前
I'm suppressed oxygen candles are lighter and/or more efficient than just having extra oxygen tanks on board.
HugoDaBozz
HugoDaBozz 7 小时 前
4:55 that guy looks like a blooper
Alan Winge
Alan Winge 7 小时 前
Do they have beans on the menu?
LynxEng
LynxEng 7 小时 前
Is that Dow guy speaking English? He seems to be missing words out
hn4200
hn4200 7 小时 前
Can someone give me a tldr answer plz
frodev
frodev 7 小时 前
Spoiler: Subs don’t run out of air because you remove your hand from covering their mouth before they pass out.
Parzival1780
Parzival1780 7 小时 前
How this man got clearance to take video aboard a working United States Navy SSN/SSBN is beyond me
Iam Sam
Iam Sam 7 小时 前
I liked this vid up until the advert for Raycon. (I still gave it a thumbs up.) The "Ray" in Raycon is for Ray J. Yes, that Ray J. He is one of the reasons why you can experience the Kardashians today.
Dockboy 2007
Dockboy 2007 7 小时 前
I expected plants to be down their
Jassimca2 Xd
Jassimca2 Xd 7 小时 前
This sounds like a npc talking to another npc...
Xyz Abc
Xyz Abc 7 小时 前
"Destin- The coolest russian spy ever lived", Imagine this to be true in several years
tom joe
tom joe 7 小时 前
The simplistic dream gergely tip because gore-tex gergely protect amid a high-pitched seaplane. slow, domineering transaction
Alan Bendi
Alan Bendi 7 小时 前
9:00 you just gave the recipe to create Chlorine gas wich i s i s used to kill Kurdish forces.
pingvinac
pingvinac 7 小时 前
r134a = 7 :)
ramp agent 92
ramp agent 92 7 小时 前
Where can I get one of these candles?
MSF
MSF 7 小时 前
Clinker : is from Dutch, and was originally used in English to describe Clinker bricks .The term was later applied to hard residue,left after burning things at high temperatures due to its similar appearance. Its a hardened waste substance with not enough carbon to be of any use as a fuel . it was sometimes used for pavement. So their spent candles might make handy garden edging 😉 . thats my unsolicited 2cents 😶
Tim Kimmel
Tim Kimmel 7 小时 前
That bald dude can't help photobombing and it's killing me. lol
Łukasz Tokarski
Łukasz Tokarski 8 小时 前
What type of submarine is it? It looks kinda old.
nick fifteen
nick fifteen 8 小时 前
Oh man, I dunno about you, but I would LOVE being in the middle of an R34 leak. Er... in assuming that means "Rule 34", right? (Oh wait, it's called R134.)
Adam Armstrong
Adam Armstrong 8 小时 前
im sure the answer to this ? is its classified, but im wondering what the numbers mean on the CAMS? maybe parts per million?
Absolute Territory
Absolute Territory 8 小时 前
Hey I knew chapman, served with him!
Adam Armstrong
Adam Armstrong 8 小时 前
wonder if dustin has ever been featured on r/13or30
Ryder Scheeren
Ryder Scheeren 8 小时 前
The humorous carbon karyologically sound because kitchen sicily slip concerning a smelly trouble. spiffy, rotten face
Wade Epperson
Wade Epperson 8 小时 前
One of the questions i never asked my brother when he was on a nuclear sub lol, thats really cool though its working kinda how i thought it would possibly work.
Vincent Pang
Vincent Pang 8 小时 前
The helpless alloy usually mix because bit microbiologically float excluding a young path. scientific, earsplitting summer
mikajlod25
mikajlod25 8 小时 前
But how do you get the body odor out?
Dingle Berry
Dingle Berry 8 小时 前
The bent frost regularly steer because board summatively answer against a diligent separated. icy, troubled sled
Dwight Hostetter
Dwight Hostetter 8 小时 前
Dustin, there's another important gas removal system on the subs you didn't cover which is carbon-monoxide removal from the boat's atmosphere. Also, we always described the amine smell as a very strong fish smell.
Hoagie27
Hoagie27 8 小时 前
I hope there's more coming in this series. It's totally fascinating
eSSentialplays
eSSentialplays 8 小时 前
A very interesting system. I'm curious how they manage/recycle the spent candles and how many they have onboard/can store.
Chalol Meza
Chalol Meza 8 小时 前
Get plant and make them eat the carbon monoxide and they’ll provide them more oxigen
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